Sprains are often caused by trauma to a joint –such as landing on it wrong during a fall, or overextending the joint. When the ankle bones twist or receive too much force, the ligaments surrounding the outside of the bones may suffer from over-stretching or tearing, resulting in a painful ankle sprain. There are different levels of severity when it comes to ankle sprains. If not properly diagnosed and treated, it can cause permanent, lasting ankle instability which may need surgical intervention.
What Are Symptoms of an Ankle Sprain?
- Swelling after twisting or injuring the ankle area
- Bruising of the ankle area
- Pain in the lower leg
How Is an Ankle Sprain Treated?
- Apply ice to the ankle area & elevate the affected lower leg to lessen swelling
- Rest the ankle from activity, exercise, and even walking
- Limit motion & support the injured ankle by compression wrappings
- If the sprain involves severe twisting or tearing of the ligaments, surgery may be necessary to repair the damage and tighten the over-stretched ligaments
How Can Ankle Sprains Be Prevented?
- Wear properly fitting, supportive footwear and sneakers, especially during exercise and sports
- Protect weak ankles from sprains and re-injuries with appropriate ankle braces and supports
- Keep the ankle muscles strong and flexible through regularly exercising and stretching them as well as the surrounding muscles.
Your doctor will be able to determine the severity of the sprain, and will treat it accordingly. While most minor sprains only require rest, ice, and compression, more severe sprains can be serious. Some third-degree sprains required special exercises to build strength, and to prevent the injury from reoccurring.
At Kaplansky Foot and Ankle, our team of podiatrists is able to diagnose and treat a wide range of foot and ankle injuries. If you or a loved on has sustained an injury, contact us today for an appointment.