A bunion is a deformity of the great toe joint. It is generally noticed as a bump that does not fit well in shoes or causes pain in the joint. Bunions are caused when the bones move. The metatarsal moves in and the toe moves out. Bunions can also begin very early in children because the problem is often hereditary.
The bunion deformity often gets worse over time and may become more severe with poorly fitting shoes. Treating the symptoms of bunions often includes therapeutic shoes and orthotics as well as padding the irritated area. The deformity does not usually improve, but the symptoms may be limited.
Fixing the structural deformity requires surgery by a foot and ankle specialist. The type of surgery depends on the severity of the deformity, patient’s expectations and ability to comply with post-operative instructions, and patient’s health.